Are you getting closer to your sixties? Have found yourself reaching to your glasses more often or feeling like your food is not as tasty as before? While we age and become older, our bodies also age with us and that is the reason why we will experience certain changes during this process. Maybe we do not notice them right away, but they will be more evident as years pass. These changes are normal and today we will tell you a little bit more about them.
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Changes in your vision
A very common change while aging and one of the first signs of it, is the one that happens in our eyes. Actually, lots of things change in our vision. When people are on their forties, focusing on close objects becomes more and more difficult. This is known as presbyopia and happens to almost everybody. This happens because the lens of the eye stiffens making it harder for the lens to change its shape and focus.
Another thing that changes is color perception. This occurs because the lens of the eye tend to yellow, causing colors to look less bright and contrast between some colors, like black and blue, becomes less obvious. You could also need brighter light to read, as the lens become denser and less light goes through the retina. It is estimated that 60-year-olds need 3 times more light to read than 20-year-olds.
Changes in your hair and skin
Changes that occur in our hair and skin are the ones that are more obvious for other people. As we age, our skin becomes thinner, less elastic, drier, and more lined and wrinkled. The layer of fat under our skin thins, causing our cold tolerance to decrease and making wrinkles more like to appear.
Something that happens to both the hair and the skin is that they lose pigment. This is more evident on the hair, as it starts growing gray. Our hair also becomes thinner on the scalp, pubic area and armpits.
Changes in your hearing
Another common change while aging is the one that occurs in our ears, especially after the age of 55. With time, hearing high-pitched sounds is more difficult and changes in tone and speech become less clear. This is why some elderly people have trouble understanding what other people say, but it is not because they cannot actually hear them. It is because most consonants are high-pitched, and as these sounds are harder to hear, it is harder to identify and distinguish words. So if you are having trouble while communicating, you should not shout when talking to elder people, just try to articulate consonants clearly.
Changes in your bones and joints
As we get older our bones become less dense and less strong. This occurs because bones contain less calcium, as the body absorbs less calcium from foods, and because levels of Vitamin D decrease, and this vitamin helps the body use calcium. This process is called osteoporosis and after menopause, it speeds up in women, as less estrogen is produced and this prevents bones from being broken.
With time, our joints also become more susceptible to injury. After years and years of movement, the cartilage that lines our joints thins, making more difficult for the surfaces of a joint to slide over each other. Our joints also feel tight because ligaments and tendons become less elastic and they are in charge of binding joints together and binding muscles to bones.
Changes in our smell and taste
If you feel like the smell of coffee in the morning is not as comfortable as before or the flavor of the cookies your daughter bakes is not as sweet as it used to be, your ability to smell and taste may start fading. This is a common change while aging, as sensitivity in the taste buds of our tongue decreases and the lining of the nose becomes thinner and drier and the nerve endings in the nose start deteriorating. Our taste is also affected because we produce less saliva and our mouth becomes drier.